More than 5 million children are in urgent need of aid in Iraq, the United Nations said on Thursday, describing the war on Islamic State as “a standout amongst the most brutal” in modern history.

“Crosswise over Iraq, children keep on witnessing sheer horror and impossible violence,” the United Nations Children Fund (Unicef) said in a statement.

“They have been killed, injured, snatched and forced to shoot and kill in a standout amongst the most brutal wars in late history.”

In Mosul, children are by and large deliberately targeted and killed by Islamic State militants to rebuff families and deter them from fleeing, it said.

Global associations appraise that more than 100,000 civilians, of who half are children, are caught into a great degree dangerous conditions in the Old City focus, the last area still under the militants’ control in Mosul.

More than 1,000 children have been killed and more than 1,100 wounded or mutilated since 2014 when the ultra-hardline militants seized extensive swathes of Iraq, it said. More than 4,650 children have turned out to be isolated from their families.

Likewise, the office said, more than one million children have had their education put on hold by either SIL manage or dislodging.

Children have additionally been forced to partake in violence. UNICEF said no less than 231 children under the age of 18 were enrolled by ISIL and other armed groups.

“The nation’s future security and economic strength is determined by what is going on to its children today,”

The militants have lost the vast majority of the Iraqi cities they came to control, after a progression of U.S.- upheld offensives that started in 2015. They are likewise near losing all of Mosul, the northern city which filled in as their de facto capital.

The Iraqi government says more than 850,000 people have been forced from their homes by the operation, which was propelled in October. On the city’s west, whole blocks have been leveled by conflicts, air strikes, and cannons fire.