The Supreme Court on Tuesday rendered Triple talaq as unconstitutional. This historic judgment came two years after Shayara Bano appealed the apex court against the practice of triple talaq. Later the court tagged petition from four other women with similar cases as Shayara Bano. The cases of these five women caused victory to so all the Muslim women in the nation who were as vulnerable as them. Therefore, it is important to know these five cases.
Shayara Bano, 36, is a master’s degree holder in Sociology is from Kashipur, Uttarakhand. She was married to her husband Rizwan Ahmed, whois a property dealer in Allahabad for 15 years. She was divorced by her husband through a letter while she was visiting her parent’s house. Rizwan took with him their children Irfan and Muskan. For support, Bano went to the local cleric, however, he said that the talaq was valid, rendering her helpless. Bano suffered from depression for many months. She also claimed that her in-laws made her abort six times which possed a major threat to her life. Therefore, to raise a voice against such injustice, she filed a petition against triple talaq, halala and polygamy.
Gulshan Parveen, 30, a postgraduate in literature was divorced through the medium of talaqnama on Rs. 10 stamp paper sent by her husband. Gulshan Praveen got married to her husband in April 2013. On receiving the talaqnama, she refused to accept it but was then taken by her husband to Rampur family court to get divorced with her. This made her and their two year old son Ridan homeless. She was subjected to domestic violence during her marriage for dowry over two years. Her husband got arrested for dowry harassment and criminal intimidation.
Aafreen Rehman, 28, who got married in 2014 was harassed by her in-laws for dowry. Later she even underwent physical violence. She was finally asked to leave the house. She got divorced by a letter sent to her via speed post in January 2016.
Ishrat Jahan, 31, a resident of Howrah West Bengal, was divorced by her husband of 15 years through a phone call from Dubai, taking away their four children from her to his new alleged wife.
Atiya Sabri, 28, got married to Wajid Ali in 2012 and was divorced through a letter sent to her brother’s office. After having her second daughter she was poisoned by her in-laws. She had to be hospitalized and later her husband was arrested and the trial is still on.
The petitions of these five women who refused to sit back against the injustice done to them led to a revolutionary change. The voice of these women brought victory for all Muslim women in India.