On September 11, 2009 the world faced one of the themes horrific acts of terror. The US President almost immediately declared a war on terror, many countries joined hoping to eliminate it. A decade and later we still face the same problem with countries like France, UK being targeted, local children in a school in Pakistan being slaughtered and we are still facing the threat. What is the missing piece of the puzzle?
Some of the common theories that have come up to explain the current events are Clash of Civilisations, according to which the chief reason of conflict in the post cold war period will be people’s cultural and religious identities.
Today it is next to impossible to identify the pattern and how these terrorist operate. Globalisation came as a boon as well as a curse. Globalisation has made transport, communications, technology and everything so simple but also created a gate way for trans border terrorism. Terrorist are operating through social media, mails, satellite phones ( Mumbai incident ). Islamic State “fighters” have been recruiting teens from all over the world to join them and the terrifying fact is that they have been successful many times.
The solution here is not to eliminate the leader of these radical groups because he/she can always be replaced, example Osama’s death did not really change anything but to identify the root of the problem. It is not Islam that we should be fearing but the Islamisation of the Radicals.
This not a problem concerning religion, culture, community or language it is clearly concerned with two categories, first the teens and second the generations and coverts. One explanation could be “ identity crisis”.
Unlike the first generations, they (second generations) do not hold any cultural traditions that would potentially revolt against westernisation. They speak the language, they adopt the lifestyle and culture. Then what makes them take up an extremist or radical step. For some this could only be a label they needed to justify their act and for others it is clearly an identity crisis, feeling alienated from both their parents culture and the culture of the country they live in. The young converts take up what they see as a pure form of religion, making them extremist.
Terrorism is not simply radicalisation of Muslim population rather radicalisation of a specific category of youths belonging to the various background.