Since the last Friday attack by the Rohingya insurgence, an estimate of 90 deaths have been reported over the weekend. More than 18,000 have fled the state in terror and traumatised by the events, many of them sustained bullet wounds and other injuries. Those that fled are now seeking refuge in Bangladesh. According to the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), an estimated 19,000 Rohingya registered themselves in Bangladesh since Wednesday.
There was a closed door meeting on Wednesday by the UN Security Council. The formal statement regarding the matter is yet to be delivered. However China is said to be resisting involvement in the crisis. “We all condemned the violence, we all called on all the parties to de-escalate,” Rycroft told reporters.
Who are the Rohingya? According to the Rohingya history, their origin can be traced back to the 15th century when their ancestors (Arabs) came to the Arakan Kingdom. Rohingya are muslim minority claiming to be the descendants of Arab traders following the Sufi-infested variation of Sunni Islam. They reside mostly in the western region of Rakhine state in Myanmar. Following the independence from the British, Burma was changed to Myanmar and the Rohingya were denied the citizenship under the new leadership.
Myanmar has a Buddhist majority and Muslim minority. The Rohingya was not always a minority, ever since the British left in 1970s, there has been what is known as ethnic cleansing in the region. Hundreds and thousands have fled their land in search of a safe haven in either Thailand or Bangladesh and also in no man’s land. Other than that there has been cases of sever Human Rights violation which has been ignored for the longest time. UN documentation recorded a number of rape case which included children and babes, destruction of villages and brutal beatings and so on. The Myanmar government has kept the matters indoor till date and has denied access to any international aid groups. Aung San Suu Kyi, democracy icon and the Nobel prize laureate is now being criticised for not speaking about the matter.
Sanjukta Sahany, who runs the IOM office in the southern town of Cox’s Bazar near the border said,”. They are in a very, very desperate condition”.The main requirement of these refugees after fleeing the war zone is food and shelter, they are residing temporarily on tents.