In a unanimous decision, a US drafted resolution calling for new sanctions to be drawn up against North Korea was accepted by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). This decision was made on Monday, a week after North Korea had carried out its sixth and largest nuclear test.
There are six major objectives in this resolution:
- Banning textile exports
- Capping North Korea’s oil exports
- Ending overseas laborer contracts
- Suppress smuggling efforts
- Stopping Joint ventures with other nations
- Sanctioning designated North Korean government entities.
These were pointed out as major goals of the sanction by a US official who is familiar with the terms of the negotiation. These are some of the harshest sanctions made as of now, although there were two major objectives ruled out. Sanctions on Kim Jong Un, the Supreme leader of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and a complete oil import ban were removed from the resolution last minute, supposedly as an attempt to improve terms with Russia and China and gain their support.
Nikki Haley, US ambassador to the UN was quoted saying, “Today, we are saying the world will never accept a nuclear armed North Korea, and today the Security Council is saying that if the North Korean regime does not halt its nuclear program, we will act to stop it ourselves. We are done trying to prod the regime to do the right thing, we are now trying to stop it from having the ability to do the wrong thing.”
Most of the citizens of North Korea were not even made aware of the new sanctions, not even the citizens of Pyongyang knew about this. Although, the North Korean officials have warned the US, saying “a very strong response, with unbearable consequences” will be faced by Washington, based on the increased pressure they are experiencing from US’ side.
Russia and China being permanent members of the UNSC had veto powers and they seemed sceptical over the initial sanctions proposal, but after Monday’s vote, China expressed their support. For the succession of the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula, the international community needs to see to it that these resolutions are implemented in the right manner.