At the centennial celebration event at Ahmedabad’s Sabarmati Ashram, Modi invoked Mahatma Gandhi and Vinoba Bhave to censure violence and communicated his “pain and unhappiness” over the “current atmosphere” of violence”.

“Constitution teaches us its (cow protection’s) significance. Be that as it may, do we get the privilege to kill a human (to spare cow)? Is this how we worship cow? Is this cow protection? This can’t be the path of Bapu. Vinoba Bhave’s life doesn’t convey to us this message.”

This is the second time in two years that the executive has stood up against so called gau rakshaks, who have picked up in strength as of late and have assaulted a few people on charges of cow smuggling or slaughter, generally Dalits and Muslims. At an event in New Delhi a year ago, Modi had said so-called cow vigilantes made him angry and called some of them anti-social.

Reports of violence unleashed by cow protectors have poured in from crosswise over India – from Jammu and Kashmir’s Udhampur and Gujarat’s Una to Odisha’s Bhubaneswar. In April, a Muslim dairy farmer was lynched by gau rakshaks in Rajasthan’s Alwar.

97% of the assaults have been accounted for after Modi came to control in 2014 and 86% of the casualties are Muslims, an examination by Indiaspend appeared.

“Killing individuals for the sake of Gau Bhakti is not worthy. This is not something Mahatma Gandhi would support,” Modi said. “As a general public, there is no place for violence… we are a place where there is peacefulness.”