The tussle for sea power with countries claiming their 12 nautical lines and doing all they can to protect it has been a part of power politics in the recent decades. But who really rules the seas? Alfred Thayer Mahan, an American Naval strategist during the late 1800’s brought an important aspect to notice, the importance of sea. However this is not a new phenomenon in history there are documents of voyages taken and empires built through sea routes, British for example made an empire with its strong navy and its importance to choke points.
The South China Sea has been in dispute for quite some time and non have come up with any conclusion. Intervention of powers like the US and regional powers like India, Japan. South China sea is said to be rich in natural resources and a very important trade route. Who controls that region control the economy of the region making the decision in their favour.
There have been various claims in the Arctic region where the Arctic countries are claiming their share of the Arctic region which is also said to be rich in national resources.
India has a very large coast line making it strategically very important as well as very risky for its national security its borders. Important choke points and economic regions like Gulf of Khambat , Krishna-Godavari basin ,Shelf of Mumbai High should be secured. The reason India lacked behind years ago is because of the taboo about crossing seas however India has come way pass that.
Indian Ocean Region is one of the busiest regions, India is following a foreign policy according to which the Indian ocean region will be a zone of Peace and free from super power rivalry making it easier for the trade and commerce. However this is not it, the Indian Ocean is not only a region of trade and commerce but also vital organ to India.
Peace in the Indian Ocean zone means freedom to India. The recent involvement of China’s using encirclement strategy called, “ The string of Pearls” has only given a wake-up call to India but also another reason to India but also another reason to increase its naval power alone with developing better neighbour strategy.