A summit is to be hosted by the President of France, Emmanuel Macron with other several European countries and with some African leaders as well. The summit aims at boosting efforts to curb migrant flows across the Mediterranean.

Leaders from Chad, Niger and Libya are involved in the talk as they are main transit countries for migrants who risk their lives trying to reach Europe. The leaders of Germany, Italy and Spain are also joining the summit which is being hosted by France.

To ease the management of a large number of migrants and refugees from foreign land Mr. Macron wants to see asylum requests to be handled in Africa.

He asked of setting up “hotspots”  in Chad, Niger and Libya which could process the asylum request applications. But the reports says that Libya’s severe instability would prove to be a major obstacle to the centers operating there.

This year nearly 100,000 migrants have made their risky sea journey from Libya to Italy. UN’s International Organization (IOM) says more than 2,000 people have died and on their journey to the lands in search of better lives.

The number of migrants crossing to Italy dropped by 57% in July, as compared to the number of migrants in June. The reason behind being that the Italian government tightened its cooperation with Libyan security forces. But Italy claims that it has been long urging its European Union partners to help ease the burden of housing migrants as its reception centers are getting overcrowded day by day.

Many initiatives were pledged in 2015 by the European Unions to help the African countries stem the flow of migrants to Europe. The plans include beefing up the border surveillance along the routes from where the migrants arrive and introduce such schemes which could fetch there people jobs to settle their lives easier.

Spain had more migrants this summer from a new and shorter route from Morocco.

Migrants are mostly from the origin countries such as West of Africa, Nigeria, Guinea and Ivory Coast. In most cases, it is seen that most of the people arriving are economic migrants rather than refugees.