Jana Gana Mana
The National Anthem was first sung on Dec 27, 1911 at the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress.The song ‘Jana Gana Mana’ composed by Rabindranath Tagore was adopted as the Indian national anthem on 24 January 1950.
Written in highly Sanskritised (Tatsama) Bengali, it is the first of five stanzas of a Brahmo hymn composed and scored by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose commissioned a free translation of the national anthem from Sanskritised Bengali to Urdu-Hindi. The translation was written by Captain Abid Ali, composed by Captain Ram Singh Thakur and was called Subah Sukh Chain.
Formal rendition of the anthem should take 52 seconds by law.
The false myth – Jana Gana Mana was written and composed by Tagore to praise George the Fourth, who visited India in 1911.
In 2005, many protested and called for deleting the word Sindh and to replace it with the word Kashmir. Argument was that Sindh is now a part of Kashmir.On 7th of July, 2015, Rajasthan Governor, Kalyan Singh has called for replacing the word Adhinayaka with the word Mangal, basing his argument on the myth Tagore himself busted back in 1939 itself.
The Supreme Court’s verdict directing cinema halls across the nation to play the National Anthem before a movie screening has garnered mixed reactions. While many applauded the apex court’s move, apparently aimed at rooting patriotism in the citizens, it also raised many eyebrows.